Simon Hadley, a Quaker born in about 1675, came to America in 1712 with
his first wife, Ruth Keran Hadley with their 6 children. They had 2 more children in America. According to the Hadley
Society historical research, the Hadley family "...became Quakers some time between 1672 and 1685..."
Simon purchased 1000 acres of land about 30 miles southwest of Philadelphia
in Steyning Manor, a township of William Penn's settlement. In 1717 Simon and Ruth Hadley built Messuage Plantation
on this 1000 acres which was located between what is now Chester County, Pennsylvania and New Castle County, Delaware.
The Mason-Dixon survey of 1763-1769, undertaken to settle the William Penn
- Lord Baltimore dispute as to the southern boundaries of Pennsylvania, located Messuage Plantation house just over the
line in Delaware, near Hockessin, in what is now New Castle County, Delaware. The smaller part of his land was in Chester
County, Pennsylvania. Click on Steyning Manor Township where Simon Hadley's Messuage Plantation was Built to read more and also see a map of their property, below.
|Steyning Manor Township early 18th century
Simon Hadley and Ruth Keran Hadley’s children were:
- Joseph born August 1698,
- Deborah, born February 25, 1701,
- Joshua, who was our ancestor, born March 6, 1703,
- Simon, born December 23, 1705 and who never married,
- Hannah, born November 16, 1709,
- Ruth, born December 11, 1711, who married Thomas Lindley. Ruth Hadley
died December 18, 1751.
- Katherine, born February 15, 1715,
- Ann, born December 7, 1717.
Simon died in Messuage Plantation in 1756, and he and Ruth were buried
in the cemetery of the New Garden Friends Meeting, in what is now Chester County, Pennsylvania.
You can see a page of Simon Hadley's Last Will and Testament, below.
|First Page of Simon Hadley's Will from 1756
Digressing briefly from our ancestry, an interesting note that descendents
of Joseph Hadley (the eldest child, and not our ancestor) moved with other Hadley families to North Carolina, and
then to Indiana, just as the descendants of Joshua, our ancestor.
For example, the great grandson of Joseph lived in Hendricks County,
Indiana, and served on the Indiana State Supreme Court for 12 years. This was John Vestal Hadley, born October 31, 1840
in Hendricks County, Indiana and died November 17, 1915 in Plainfield, Indiana. Like the other Hadleys, they moved first to
North Carolina and then to Indiana, generation after generation living nearby. This is not so surprising, since related
pioneer families moving together in this way, particularly of the tight-knit Quaker community, was a feature of the settlement
of the United States.
After Pennsylvania, Joseph Hadley's son Jacob Hadley (July 14,1786 to December
23, 1878) lived in Chatham, North Carolina where he married Ruth Hadley, and had 14 children, the first being Simon Hadley
(January 30, 1810 to February 17, 1896), the uncle of John Vestal Hadley. This Simon Hadley's photograph is
|Simon Hadley (January 30, 1810 to February 17, 1896) son of Jacob Hadley
Similarly, Simon Hadley's fifth child, Hannah Hadley moved to North Carolina
and is buried in the Cane Creek Friends Meeting cemetery with many other Hadleys.
Returning to Joshua Hadley (I), our ancestor (March 6, 1703 – Oct
21, 1760) he was the third child of Simon Hadley and Ruth Hadley.
|Signature of Joshua Hadley, our ancestor (March 6, 1703 to Oct 21, 1760)
Joshua married twice. His first wife was Mary Roland, daughter of Thomas
and Mary Roland whom he married on July 2, 1725 at the New Garden, Pennsylvania Friends Meeting. Her father, Thomas
Roland was apparently related to the Roland brothers, John and Thomas came to Pennsylvania with William Penn in
the ship "Welcome" in 1682 to settle Pennsylvania.
Joshua and Mary Roland's mother, Mary Mason Roland had purchased 700 acres
of land in the northeast corner of Steyning Manor in 1708, the same William Penn township where Simon and Ruth Hadley had
purchased their 1000 acres for the creation of Messuage Plantation. Click on Steyning Manor Township where Simon Hadley's Messuage Plantation was Built to see Mary Roland's property.
Joshua and Mary had three children, who may all have been born at the Hadley
family seat at Messuage Plantation. They were: Ruth Hadley (1726 - 1812), Thomas Hadley (1728 - 1781), and Sarah Hadley
(born 1730 and whose death is not recorded.)
Mary Roland Hadley died in 1733, possibly in childbirth.
Joshua then married Patience Brown (May 25, 1712 – May 23, 1783) of
Chester County, Pennsylvania, daughter of Jeremiah and Mary Royle Brown. Patience Brown and her family were active members
in the New Garden Friends Meeting of Chester County, Pennsylvania.
|New Garden Friends Meeting, Chester County, Pennsylvania
Joshua and Patience Hadley had nine children:
- Simon (born March 5, 1737),
- Mary (born January 30, 1739),
- Jeremiah (born January 7, 1741, died 1786) who also moved to Chatham
County, North Carolina,
- Joshua (II), our ancestor (born May 23, 1742),
- Joseph (born October 5, 1745),
- Deborah (born December 29, 1747),
- Hannah (born February 26, 1749),
- Catherine (born September 24, 1752) and
- Lydia (born November 24, 1756 when Joshua was 53 and Patience was
The fourth child of Joshua and Patience was Joshua Hadley (II), our ancestor, born
in New Castle, Delaware.
Joshua Hadley (I) moved with Patience and his family first to the Shenandoah
Valley in Virginia in about 1748. Then, eight years later in 1756, they relocated again to Cane Creek, North Carolina.
These movements were nearly certainly down the Great Philadelphia Wagon Route, which was not more than ruts passing over
the Appalachian mountains and through the endless forests, down through Virginia to the
Carolinas, as shown in the map below. Cane Creek in Chatham County, North Carolina is not far from this wagon route.
|Great Philadelphia Wagon Route as it was in the mid 18th century
The move to Cane Creek was taken with other Quaker families, and this area had already been
settled by other Friends. The same Quaker family names of Chester County, Pennsylvania were then found in Virginia,
and finally in Chatham County, North Carolina, where Cane Creek was located. The Cane Creek Quaker Meeting was
founded in 1749 and became a Monthly Meeting in 1751.
|Cane Creek Meeting, Chatham County, North Carolina
The Hadley Society records state: '...In 1756, at the age of 53 and within
a few months after his father's death, he [Joshua senior] joined his sisters Ruth and Hannah and their families at Cane Creek,
North Carolina. Patience applied for a certificate for her family to transfer to Cane Creek [Friends Meeting] with the
New Garden, Pennsylvania Meeting which was granted her and her children 8 mo 28, 1756..."
The Hadley Society further states: "...Joshua lived only about four years
after going to North Carolina. He accumulated several tracts of land and built a mill in Alamance County. He apparently established
a reputation as an earlier founder of that area, because in 1931 the South Alamance Pioneer Association erected a memorial
monument to him and his wife Patience at Spring Meeting..." Joshua senior died in Orange County, NC on about September
To read Joshua Hadley senior's will, click on Will of Joshua Hadley.
So our ancestor, Joshua Hadley (II), who was born May 23, 1742 in New Castle,
Delaware, moved with his parents to Virginia and then to North Carolina. He was married in Orange County, North Carolina on
28 September 1761 to Ruth Lindley.
Ruth Lindley Hadley was born in March 25, 1745 in London Grove, Chester County,
Pennsylvania (site of the London Grove Quaker meeting). The Quaker Lindley family presumably moved to what is now North
Carolina at about the time several Hadley families did so.
Joshua (II) Hadley and Ruth Lindley Hadley, both Friends, had 16 children
during 27 years, a truly biblical number! They were:
- Sarah, born August 17, 1762 (when Ruth Hadley was 17), who married
first Eli Newlin, and later Jeremiah Pickett.
- Thomas, born December 10, 1763, who married Mary Newlin, presumably
a sister of Eli Newlin.
- Simon, the third child, and our ancestor, was born October 6, 1765.
- Joshua, the fourth child, born January 24, 1767 died early at age 5
on October 21, 1772.
- William, born December 12, 1768 who married Sarah Clark.
- John, born December 23, 1770, who married Lydia Harvey.
- Also there was a second daughter born October 12, 1772, but who unfortunately
died October 28, 1772 after 16 days, unnamed. Was there an illness in the home that took away this young girl and also her
five year old brother, Joshua who had died just 7 days earlier?
- Ruth was born October 14, 1773 and married Hugh Woody.
- Mary was born October 15, 1775, who married Nathaniel Edward.
- A son Jeremiah was born October 16, 1777 who married Mary Hornaday.
- Jonathan, eleventh child born September 9, 1779 married Ann Long.
- Jacob, the twelfth child was born March 1, 1781 married Phoebe Picket.
- Joshua, named after their fourth child who had died so young, was
born December 13, 1783 and married Rebecca Henshaw.
- Catherine, their fourteenth child was born June 13, 1787 married Jesse
Dixon, perhaps a relative of Thomas Dixon, Hannah Hadley's husband.
- The fifteenth child, Joseph was born June 13, 1787, and married Mary
Henshaw, presumably a sister of Rebecca Henshaw.
- The sixteenth and final child, Patience, was born June 17, 1789 (when
Ruth Hadley was 44 years old) and married Benjamin Pickett, whom I suppose to be a brother, or other relative of Jeremiah
|Signature of our ancestor, Simon. Hadley (October 6, 1765 to April 3, 1843 )
Ruth Lindley Hadley died 15 July 1798 In Chatham County, North Carolina at
the relatively young age of 53. Joshua (II) outlived Ruth Hadley by 18 years. Joshua is said to have subsequently married
Lydia Beals Hiatt, born 1739, and 3 years older than Joshua. Lydia, whose family also were members of the New Garden Friends
Meeting, was the widow of Christopher Hiatt. Joshua also outlived his second wife by 15 years, dying in Chatham
County, North Carolina on August 4, 1816, aged 74.
So, the third child of Joshua and Ruth, our ancestor Simon T. Hadley was born
in October 6, 1765 in Chatham County, North Carolina.
Simon T. Hadley married
Elizabeth Thompson on May 10, 1787 in the Cane Creek Friends Meeting, Chatham County, North Carolina.
Also, like Simon's parents, Elizabeth
and Simon had a "biblical" number of children: 14 in total, all born in Chatham County, North Carolina.
- Martha Hadley, their
first child lived May 14, 1787 to October 18, 1847.
- James T. Hadley lived July 16, 1789 to February 27, 1871. It
is interesting that James T. Hadley also moved from North Carolina with other Hadley families to Hendricks County,
Indiana. This was in 1825 with his wife, Mary Richardson Hadley, and their eight children.
- the third child, Ruth Hadley was born March 14, 1793 and
died at age four in 28 October 28, 1797.
- Jonathan T. Hadley was born March 14, 1793 and died in October 28, 1879 in Clinton County, Ohio.
- Joshua T. Hadley lived from January 28, 1795 to October 14, 1841.
- Sarah T. Hadley lived from December 27, 1796 to January
8, 1877, and later married a second cousin, Simon B. Hadley.
- Elizabeth lived from January 4, 1799 until December 22, 1858.
- Simon T. Hadley lived from September 23, 1801 until March 8, 1872.
- the ninth child, Eleanor Hadley lived only two and one half years,
from September 5, 1803 until March 13, 1806.
- John T. Hadley lived from December 13, 1805 until July 25, 1857.
- Mary T. Hadley lived from February 22, 1808 until November 19,
- Thomas T. Hadley lived from May 12, 1810 until October 13, 1884.
- Jeremiah Hadley lived to be only two years old, born June 2,
1812 and dying July 5, 1814.
- William Tilghman Hadley, our ancestor was the fourteenth child, born
July 14, 1814, and lived until November 17, 1889 aged 75.
- the fifteenth child, Eleanor Hadley, presumably named after her sister who died ten years before at age 2 1/2, was
born in 1816.
It is interesting to note that four of Simon T. Hadley's 15 children married children of Joshua Hadley, the son
of Jeremiah Hadley, son of Joshua (I) Hadley and Patience Brown, and therefore third cousins:
Sarah T. married Simon B. Hadley, son of Joshua Hadley. Elizabeth married John B. Hadley, son of Joshua Hadley.
Mary Hadley married Joshua B. Hadley son of Joshua Hadley. Simon T. Hadley married Mary Hadley, daughter of Joshua Hadley.
In the 1820s and 1830s, many Quaker families migrated in groups. Since
Quakers were opposed to slavery, and as the slavery issue became more and more divisive in southern communities, Quaker families
moved together, helping each other and tending to relocate together. This is the reason that so many of our Hadley ancestors
and near relatives settled in Hendricks County and adjoining Morgan County in Indiana during this period.
As to the exact date of Simon Hadley and his family's relocation to Indiana,
the Hadley Society notes cite different dates.
From by Henry Mills
"...My great grandfather Simon Hadley of near Danville and Joshua Hadley of North Branch neighborhood,
pioneers of Hendricks Co, Ind. emigrated from Chatham Co. NC to Hendricks Co IN. about 1824 settling in and making farms in
the heavily timbered lands of central Ind..."
A different dates comes from
A Hadley Genealogy which states: "...On July 25, 1829, Simon, then 63 yrs of age, together with his wife and younger
children [moved to Indiana]. Most of their children had already preceded them to Indiana..."
The records show that between1823 and 1830, many Friends families
decided to move from North Carolina to Indiana. The Hadley Society source states that they surveyed Indiana and "...
returning to North Carolina, they, with hundreds of other Friends equally anxious to leave the South, sold their lands and
all other possessions which could not be hauled over the rough roads to the new country...in settling in the new country,
the Hadleys...were surrounded by forests and unsettled conditions, but they formed communities with other Friends and soon
erected meeting houses and school buildings..."
|Hendricks County wooden house, late 1850s, such as pioneers like William and Tillman Hadley lived in
A Hadley Genealogy further tells of the death of Simon T.
Hadley in a carriage accident: "...Both Simon and his wife died at the home of their son-in-law, Simon B. Hadley, nr Mooresville,
IN. He died of injuries caused by a run-away team..." This account seems not totally correct, since Elizabeth Hadley
lived a further year after Simon T. Hadley's death.
This Simon B. Hadley (May 9, 1795 to April 5, 1856) was the
son-in-law of Simon T. and Elizabeth Hadley, and was the grandson of our ancestor Joshua (I) Hadley and Patience Brown,
and therefore a second cousin of Simon T. Hadley, our ancestor.
The son-in-law, Simon B. Hadley had married Sarah T. Hadley (1796
- 1877), daughter of Simon T. and Elizabeth. This son-in-law had a large Hadley family in Morgan County, next to Hendricks
County consisting of 14 children: Jeremiah S. (born 1816 in Chatham, North Carolina), Martha (born 1817 in
North Carolina), Ruth (born 1819 in Chatham County, North Carolina), Eliza (born 1821 in North Carolina), Emma (born
1823 in Chatham County, North Carolina), Noah S (born 1825 in Chatham Co., North Carolina), Levi S (born 1826 in
Morgan County, Indiana), Miles S. (born in 1828 in Mooresville, Morgan County, Indiana), Moses S. (born 1830
in Morgan County, Indiana), Zimri (born 1831 in Morgan County, Indiana), Elizabeth Jane (born 1834 in Morgan County,
Indiana), Sarah Ann (born 1836 in Morgan County), baby Hadley (born in 1839 and died that year), and Simon H. (born
1840 in Mooresville, Morgan County, Indiana). A photograph of Simon H. Hadley is shown below.
account of our ancestor, Simon T. Hadley's death in an accident comes from the Marcia Allenby records: "...Simon
HADLEY was living with a son Wm. HADLEY near Danville...and while being moved from Danville to his daughters, Sarah HADLEY
wife of Simon B. HADLEY, he and wife were thrown out of the wagon by the team running away, and he falling on a stump
and breaking one thigh, and I saw him being carried past our house in a frame couch by some men (my father being one of them)
from the place of the accident to my Grandfathers. [Marcia has inserted here 'Simon B's.]."
Records list Simon's death on April 3, 1843 in Mooresville,
Morgan County (the county just south of Hendricks County), confirming this account of Simon being killed by this carriage
accident. Elizabeth lived one year longer, dying August 16, 1844 in Hendricks County. They were both buried in the Mill
Creek Cemetery in Danville, Indiana.
The fourteenth child of Simon T. and Elizabeth, William Tilghman Hadley,
our ancestor, was born on July 14, 1814 in Chatham County, North Carolina. William Tilghman Hadley grew
up in Chatham County, before the family moved to Hendricks County, Indiana.
William Tilghman Hadley married Beulah Hunt in Hendricks County Indiana on
November 12, 1837, when he was age 23 and she was 21. Beulah Hunt was of a Quaker family which also moved
to Indiana from North Carolina, likely at the same time.
William and Beulah had two sons, Tillman Hadley, born April 13, 1839, and
Daniel, born January 13, 1843 and who died August 2, 1865, aged 22. William and Beulah had no further children, since Beulah
died 11 days after the birth of Daniel, probably of complications consequent to the birth.
It would seem William and Beulah adopted a simplified spelling of Tilghman's
name, although some records relating to Tillman (Tilghman) Hadley use the 'gh" spelling. Perhaps the simplified spelling evolved
during Tillman's life, as a convenience.
Tillman Hadley is listed in the 1840 Indiana Census as cited above, and
in the Census of 1850, he is listed as living with William. Also listed are brother Daniel
age 7. In the household are Mary E. Hadley , Harriet age 4, Martha age 2, Ruth Hadley, age 28, Joseph 77 and Anne Hodson
78, all in Hendricks County in the 1850 Census. More research is need to identify these other Hadley relatives living
with William, Tillman, and Daniel.
William died 17 November 1889 in Hendricks County, Indiana, outliving his
wife Beulah by 43 years, and also outliving his son Tillman who had died of appendicitis nearly two years previously. William
T. Hadley is buried in the Sugar Grove cemetery.
Tillman Hadley was born April 13, 1839 in Chatham County, North Carolina and died on January 16, 1888 in Hadley, Hendricks County, Indiana. He died suddenly
at age 48 of appendicitis.
Tillman Hadley's mother, Beulah Hunt was born on November 28, 1816 in Guilford County, North Carolina, one of six children. Her parents were
Zimri and Rebecca Hunt, Hendricks County pioneers, arriving in Indiana in 1827. Beulah died on January 24, 1843 aged only 26 following childbirth of her son, Daniel. She is buried in Mill Creek
Tillman Hadley married twice. His first marriage was to Susanna Jane Coffin. Susanna was born in 1843 in Hendricks County, Indiana and married Tillman Hadley on 28 February 28, 1863.
From this first marriage, Tillman had two children:
- Melmoth K, Hadley, June 4, 1864 who died in 1881, aged 17 and
is buried in Mill Creek Cemetery in Hendricks County.
- Julia Vashti Hadley, born October 18, 1866 also in
Hendricks County, Indiana. Julia was married Orlando Cox on September 30, 1886, and later located to Texas.
Suzanna Coffin Hadley died November 19, 1866 only a month after giving
birth to Julia Hadley, so likely as a consequence to childbirth complications, all too frequent in the nineteenth century.
She was just 23 years old, and is buried in the Mill Creek Friends cemetery.
2 years and 10 months later, Tillman married a second time. Tillman Hadley's
second marriage took place September 8, 1869. At that time, Tillman married his third cousin, Hannah Hadley
who was a great grandchild of Joshua Hadley (II) (May 23, 1742 - August 4, 1816) and Ruth Lindley Hadley (March 25, 1745 -
15 July 1798).
|Tillman and Hannah Hadley
The 1870 Census shows Tillman Hadley, age 31 (but with the spelling of "Tighlman",
which does not correspond even with Tilghman), as living in Hendricks County. It also shows Hannah, Tillman's second
wife then pregnant, aged 29 and Tillman's children from his first wife, Melmoth, aged 6 and Julia, aged 3. Tillman's first
child with Hannah, Luther Hadley was not born until later in 1870 (October 18).
To read an interesting contemporary account of Tillman Hadley and of
Beulah Hunt Hadley's family from 1885, click on the link Tillman Hadley Biographical Article
Hannah Hadley was born 2 April
1841 in Hadley, Hendricks County, Indiana. Her father was Nathan
Hadley, born December 1, 1814 in Iredell County North Carolina. He died
April 10, 1892 in Hadley, Hendricks County, Indiana.
Hannah Hadley's mother was Olive Newlin, born October 3. 1814 in North Carolina. Olive died on August 7, 1844 aged only 29.
Hannah Hadley was a third cousin of Tillman Hadley, with her father,
Nathan Hadley being a grandson of Joshua Hadley (II), (May 23, 1742 - August 4, 1816) and Ruth Lindley Hadley (March
25, 1745 - 15 July 1798).
Tillman Hadley and Hannah Hadley were married on September 8, 1869.
They had seven children:
- Luther Hadley (October 18, 1870 - March 16, 1935) in Hadley,
Hendricks County, Indiana. Luther married Grace Daugherty (September 15, 1876 - March 26, 1948) in 1899, and
they had four children: Esther, born in 1900 and who lived in Eaton, Indiana as of 1962 but whose date of death is not recorded, Olive
Hadley, (named after Luther's younger sister who had died at a young age). Olive, daughter of Luther, seems never
to have married, (November 8, 1903 - January, 1983), Myron D. Hadley, who also seems not to have married (January
31, 1906 - June 20, 1939), Alma Hadley (born September 6, 1907 - July 1985) who went to Indiana State, class of 1929
and who married Hobart Dennis Hopkins on June 13, 1931, Uriel G. Hadley (January, 12, 1911 - January 27, 1987)
who married Mamie Agnes Brown, and Lewis Eldon Hadley(April 30, 1915 - September 17, 1997) who married Bernice
June Darnall. Luther is buried in the Hadley Friends cemetery.